PACKAGING MACHINERY EMBRACING WITH ITS TECHNOLOGY
CAN BE BASICALY DEFINED AS “THE COVER PROTECTING THE PRODUCT” IT IS POSSIBLE TO OBSERVE BILLION DIFFERENT TYPES OF THEM IN THE NATURE; HOWEVER, THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF THEM ALL IS THE SAME: TO ENSURE A PROTECTIVE COVER... INCREASING THE APPEAL OF ALMOST EACH PRODUCT DURING THE SELLING PROCESS AND PROTECTING THEM, PACKAGES HAVE TURNED OUT TO BE AN INDUSTRIAL BRANCH IN TODAY’S WORLD BY THEMSELVES. PACKAGING MACHINERY SEGMENT WHICH ENABLES PRODUCT TO BE PACKAGED AND THEN TRANSFERRED TO THE MARKET MAINTAINS ITS DEVELOPMENT AS BASED ON THE INCREASE IN THE GLOBAL CONSUMPTION. TURKEY RANKS AS THE 19TH IN WORLD LIST WITH ITS EXPORT VOLUME FOR 202 MILLION DOLLARS IN 2018 WITHIN THE PACKAGING MACHINERY SEGMENT WHICH CONSTITUTES A TRADE VOLUME REACHING TO 26 BILLION DOLLARS IN A GLOBAL SCALE.
Packaging can be defined as the transforming any product, good, object or item into a form which can be transported, stored or recognized by covering, wrapping, packaging with any material or equipment or placing into a container or a place; or the process of packaging, storing. The main purpose of the packaging is to keep the item or food stuffs sold clean, protect against the external factors and avoid them from being harmed. Ensuring easiness for purchase or sale for the good is another purpose of the packaging.
The package in today’s world has turned out to be an industry at all as a marketing or sales instrument rather than focusing on its main purpose to protect the good. That making the commercial product look appeal and placing information on it which help customer to recognize the product makes the sale of the product. Products, medical materials and drugs, jewelries, women and men outfits and food products supplied to the market with packages produced radiantly out of various materials are preferred by the customer within the competition market. That a good sold as covered with appealing packages has a higher sale rate compared to a good which is more qualified but not covered or the same good covered imprecisely is the major indicator for such situation.
As the machinery which ensures easy packaging for numerous products produced in the factories thanks to the machinery power, the packaging machinery undertakes a significant role in highest rate of preference in products. Vacuum machinery among those which can be diversified according to the package types draws attention because of being the healthiest one for the human health and also the most effective one in protecting the freshness and quality of the products.
HISTORY OF THE PACKAGE DATES BACK TO THAT OF HUMANITY
It is possible to observe billion different types of packages which we can define as “the cover protecting the product” basically in the nature; however, the primary purpose of them all is the same: To ensure a protective cover... It is considered that history of manual packaging dates back to that of humanity evolved in parallel with the nature. Trying to protect their foods for the days when the food resources were very rare and founding food was very challenging, humanity got inspired by the nature and thought to cover their food with natural materials such as animal skin; and then put forward the first packaging models covered with herbal fibers and craved out of trees.
During the era when the first packaging materials used to be used, the packaging types used in parallel with the increase in the community needs turned out to be diversified. However the packaging materials mostly used by the humanity were glass and soil bottles/containers and wood/thatch chests. The most significant milestones accelerating the processes of packaging and development of the packaging materials were the invention of the paper in AC. 105, generalization of production and consumption after 12th century and political and economic movements popping up in Europe in 15th century. On the other hand, it is known that the foods were stored in metal containers in Germany in 1400s and this method which was of great importance for nutrition of the armies were tried to be maintained with great efforts.
Upon the decrease in the prices of the papers during 1850s, paper were started to be used as packaging material as well. Following the development of the machinery to produce carton box by Francis Wolle an American inventor and ecclesiastics in 1852, machinery producing corrugated cardboard was invented in 1880s and “Quaker Corn Meal” the first breakfast product sold within a carton box folded was put into market in USA in 1884. Using paper and cardboard as packaging material were generalized after that time. Crown cap covering the opening of the bottle which is used in today’s world was patented by William Painter, Irish machinery engineering and inventor in 1892.
There have been great developments in packaging methods, packaging machinery and packaging materials and industry in the recent century; and major improvements have been experienced in the emergence of the plastic materials.
MACHINERY MADE BY TAILORS!
Packaging machinery segments differentiates from other machinery sectors. The most significant reason of this is because the manufacturing process is carried out upon the orders exclusive to production/storage in the packaging machinery segment. When the limitless options in the diversification of both product and packaging are taken into consideration, the manufacturing of limitless types of packaging machinery might seem possible.
Packaging storage systems including the options of glass, plastic, metal, paper, carton packaging materials consist of liquid product machinery, solid product machinery, wet product machinery and dry product machinery. While selecting storage system the swiftness of the line is of great importance according to the packaging type to be stored. Glass, metal and solid plastic packages can be stored in much more swift lines compared to the others. Capping, labeling, packing, packaging processes to be required upon the storage are considered as the process following the packaging.
WE CARRY OUT EXPORT FOR 133 COUNTRIES
The more increases the development level in Turkey and world, the more increases the usage of the packaging material and therefore the demand and production of the packaging machinery accordingly. Since international firms which decreases the costs and have begun to sell much cheaper machinery compared to the previous times have started to follow aggressive sales policies because of the competition increased in the global scale and economical shrink experienced in especially Europe, the firms producing packaging machinery in Turkey have increased their technology, quality and efficiency research and work in a more professionally.
Therefore, Turkish packaging machinery manufacturers carry out export to 133 countries; however, in the export of packaging machinery still is prevailed by Germany and Italy. The impact of Asian countries in the export of parts and sections of packaging machinery maintains its tendency to increase year by year. When the import of packaging machinery is taken into consideration, it is seen that USA, China and Germany are very active. While stating that the primary problem in Turkish packaging machinery sector is born by the predominance of import in old machinery for second hand machinery, the experts draw attention that this situation both affects the domestic manufacturers and increase the loss in efficiency rates because of the worn and ineffective machinery purchased from abroad. Therefore, underlining the necessity to limit the import in second hand machinery to both protect the domestic manufacturers and maintain the quality and efficiency in the production, the experts draw attention that the problem of packaging machinery segment to provide qualified labor force maintains its current situation still. Especially the number of experienced engineers and constructors, the key factors for R&D and innovation and that of experienced young engineers in machinery design have still been very low in Turkey unfortunately.
GLOBAL VOLUME 50 BILLION DOLLARS
Packaging machinery segment in a global scale has been subject of a trade for 50 billion dollars in 2018 according to the data of UN Statistics Department. And Turkey maintains its increase in packaging machinery segment which has an export market for 25.68 billion dollars and import market for 24.28 billion dollars around the world. Turkey carried out export for 202.4 million dollars with an increase by 202.4% in the last year in global export. And Turkey decreased its import by 13 percent and ranked as the 19th in the world import list of packaging machinery with 382.2 million dollars.
WE EXPORT TO ALGERIA IMPORT FROM ITALY
When detailed export and import numbers are reviewed specifically to Turkey, according to TUIK’s 2018 data, we can say that we are carrying out export mostly with Algeria and import mostly with Italy.
When the packaging machinery export of Turkey is reviewed according to the countries, according to the TUİK data which is compliance with UN Statistics Department data, Turkey carried out export for 202.4 million dollars with increase by 11.8% in 2018 and Algeria has taken its place at the first rank in the list of top 10 counties which we carried out the most export for 17.87 million dollars with increase by 23.8%. While Iraq is following this country with export for 14.7 million dollars with increase by 4.8%; it carried out export for 12.17 million dollars with an increase by 17 percent. And the export increase for 21.7 and 33 percent in Germany and Italy subsequently draw attention in that period.